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Project Euler Solutions

Project Euler 55 Solution

Project Euler 55 Solution

Project Euler 55: Find how many Lychrel numbers are there below ten-thousand

Problem Description

If we take 47, reverse and add, 47 + 74 = 121, which is palindromic.

Not all numbers produce palindromes so quickly. For example,

349 + 943 = 1292,
1292 + 2921 = 4213
4213 + 3124 = 7337

That is, 349 took three iterations to arrive at a palindrome.

Although no one has proved it yet, it is thought that some numbers, like 196, never produce a palindrome. A number that never forms a palindrome through the reverse and add process is called a Lychrel number. Due to the theoretical nature of these numbers, and for the purpose of this problem, we shall assume that a number is Lychrel until proven otherwise. In addition you are given that for every number below ten-thousand, it will either (i) become a palindrome in less than fifty iterations, or, (ii) no one, with all the computing power that exists, has managed so far to map it to a palindrome. In fact, 10677 is the first number to be shown to require over fifty iterations before producing a palindrome: 4668731596684224866951378664 (53 iterations, 28-digits).

Surprisingly, there are palindromic numbers that are themselves Lychrel numbers; the first example is 4994.

How many Lychrel numbers are there below ten-thousand?

NOTE: Wording was modified slightly on 24 April 2007 to emphasise the theoretical nature of Lychrel numbers.


Our bounds are specified by the problem’s description; specifically to search a range from 10 to 9999 and only check a depth to 49 iterations.

The function is_lychrel() takes the candidate and adds itself to its reverse. If this sum is a palindrome then it’s not a Lychrel number and we return a zero (false) result. This process is repeated up to 49 (depth) times and returns one (true) only if it passes all iterations.

Project Euler 55 Solution

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    No afterthoughts yet.

Function is_palindromic is listed in Common Functions and Routines for Project Euler
for N<100,000 and up to 500 iterations produces 6091 Lychrel numbers. [/comments]
Project Euler 55 Solution last updated


2 Responses to “Project Euler 55 Solution”

  1. print sum(1 for n in range(10, 10000) if is_lychrel(n))

    can be written as

    print sum(is_lychrel(n) for n in range(10, 10000))

    Posted by bob | February 13, 2011, 1:42 PM

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